Here is an interesting email from reader “Kevin” regarding the crashing loan-shark market in China.
I am a long time reader and want to bring to your attention on a new development in China: private business owners are disappearing or jumping off buildings because they can no longer pay off black market shark loans.
According to national new paper Economics Information (part of state media Xinhua), on 9/22, Hu Fulin, owner of the biggest eyeglass manufacture of the city of Wenzhou disappeared, leaving behind 2 billion RMB debt.
On 9/25, 3 more business owners in Wenzhou disappeared (owners of copper, steel and shoe manufacture).
On 9/27, owner of “Zhengdeli”, a shoe manufacture jumped off of a 22 story building and killed himself.
Since April this year 29 private business owners have disappeared, all of them had over 100 million RMB businesses. 11 of the 29 owned shoe manufacturing businesses.
An analyst from China Investment (China’s Sovereign investment fund) pointed out that it’s because they are squeezed by a rapid increase of component and labor costs. A rising RMB is also a reason why many export oriented companies are hit. In August, Zhou Dewen, President of Wenzhou Small-Medium Business Development Association said the profit margin of Small-Medium businesses in Wenzhou has dropped to under 5% and absent of policy changes, 40% of businesses in Wenzhou will go out of business by next Spring Festival (late Jan 2012)
The complete article is here (in Chinese): http://www.jjckb.cn/2011-09/29/content_334954.htm.
Another article http://finance.sina.com.cn/roll/20110929/005910558780.shtml (titled: China’s Shark Loans Crashing; “Grey Finance” Brewing the Chinese Crisis) states that most of those owners have borrowed “private” loans (typically 70% of all loans), with MONTHLY interest rate ranging from 3% to 10%.
About 89% of families/individuals and 59% of companies in Wenzhou participated in such “private loan” schemes. In Erdos (the ghost city you blogged many times), such “private loans” are more than 200 billion RMB with annual interest rate over 60%. Now they are crashing, causing rampant unfinished real estate projects in Erdos.
Note that Wenzhou is one of riches cities in China (No. 3 in disposable income per capita), and is considered the “Birthplace of China’s Private Economy”. Wenzhou people are among the first that got in trades, manufacturing, export, and in recent years real estate investment/speculation. The Wenzhou economy is considered the “weathercock” of Chinese economy.
Loan Shark Credit Crisis Brewing
Courtesy of Google Translate please consider Gray Chinese-style financial credit crisis brewing area
“Economic Information Daily” correspondent from the multi-confirmed the day before and then there were two causes of Wenzhou City, inability to repay loan sharks and jumping events. According to informed sources, the two business owners are the local shoe factory owner, debt of millions.
Since April this year, Wenzhou, missing more than 80 business owners, the company closed, the event staff pay talks, since September alone, there are up to 25 cases. A local lender told reporters, “At present, only the flight of capital Longwan area estimated to have 100 million or more, many SMEs liabilities, the banks accounted for 30%, accounting for 70% civil usury.”
Crazy expansion of private lending market chaos
Some sharks can reach up to 180% per annum. … “many companies debt snowball, private lending market has not been given attention now has about 25% local to 30% of companies in trouble, some in the suspension or semi-shutdown state, but by the end of this class companies are more likely accounted for 40% to 50%. “
Financial Earthquake Triggered by Loan Shark Business
Also courtesy of Google Translate, please consider loan-sharking business owners who jumped to escape
September 22, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Jiang Xintai largest optical company chairman Hu Fulin liabilities 2 billion fled, triggering a major earthquake Wenzhou business. Wenzhou Zhou German SME Development Association president, said Hu Fulin liabilities involving nearly ten thousand people, dozens of companies, including upstream and downstream Nobuyasu and creditors, the incident is still fermenting, the impact will be further expanded.
Hu Fulin fled after the September 25 Wenzhou enterprises have three big boss fled; afternoon of September 27, Wenzhou shoe boss is profit because of debt problems from Wenzhou Shun Building, 22 Floor, Jin jumped to death.
The translations are choppy, but the ideas very easy to spot.
$SSEC – Shanghai Exchange -Daily Chart
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China is down another 1% (not reflected in the above chart), to 2368 as of 2:00 AM Thursday. It closed at 2365.
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The Shanghai stock market depicts a credit bubble that collapsed in 2008, partially rebounded, and is sinking once again.
China did not decouple from the global economy, nor is there any reason to believe it will, or should. China’s debt bubble, housing bubble, and copper Ponzi financing schemes are collapsing.
Copper Ponzi Scheme: See Ponzi Financing Involving Copper Trade Gone Wild In China for details of a copper financing scheme now gone bust.
Shark Loans: See Ponzi “Shark Loans” Fuel China’s Housing Bubble; Home Sales Plunge 44% in Xiamen; Bubble Busts in Tianjin for details on how loan shark operations fueled China’s real estate bubble.
Ghost Cities: I have done many stories on China’s ghost cities, most recently World’s Biggest Property Bubble: China’s Ghost Cities Revisited; 64 Million Vacant Properties
All of these schemes are starting to unravel in a major way.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock
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