The Financial Times notes a Big rise in subordinated debt issuance by EU banks
Banks have taken advantage of yield-chasing investors to issue $90.7bn of subordinated debt for the year to date, a 41 per cent increase compared to the same period in 2012. It is the highest such volume since the $122.4bn seen in 2008 according to Dealogic, the data provider.
The figures follow a deal agreed by European regulators earlier this month that will bring in so-called bail-in rules for senior bondholders from 2016, two years earlier than envisaged by finance ministers in their common position agreed in June.
Banks are also expected to issue record amounts of loss-absorbing contingent convertible – or “coco” – bonds next year, which can either convert to equity or wipe out investors entirely if a bank’s capital ratio falls below a pre-agreed level.
An apt description for “subordinated debt” is “junior bonds”. From Wikipedia …
- Subordinated debt (also known as subordinated loan, subordinated bond, subordinated debenture or junior debt) is debt which ranks after other debts should a company fall into liquidation or bankruptcy.
- Subordinated debt has a lower priority than other bonds of the issuer in case of liquidation during bankruptcy, and ranks below the liquidator, government tax authorities and senior debt holders in the hierarchy of creditors.
- Subordinated debt is issued periodically by most large banking corporations in the U.S. Subordinated debt can be expected to be especially risk-sensitive because subordinated debt holders have claims on bank assets only after senior debt holders. Subordinated debt holders also lack the upside gain enjoyed by shareholders.
- Consider asset-backed securities. These are often issued in tranches. The senior tranches get paid back first; the subordinated tranches later. Mezzanine debt is another example of subordinated debt.
- Subordinated bonds are regularly issued as part of the securitization of debt, such as in the issue of asset-backed securities, collateralized mortgage obligations or collateralized debt obligations.
- Corporate issuers tend to prefer not to issue subordinated bonds because of the higher interest rate required to compensate for the higher risk, but may be forced to do so if indentures on earlier issues mandate their status as senior bonds.
Now that we know what subordinated debt is, it’s easy to understand the increase in issuance. It relates to bail-in procedures in the alleged European “banking union”.
Laughable Eurozone Banking “Non-Union”
Consider my post on December 17, 2013: Laughable Eurozone Banking “Non-Union”; Expect Disorderly Breakup
Gunnar Hökmark, the lead negotiator for the parliamentary side, said: “We now have a strong bail-in system which sends a clear message that bank shareholders and creditors will be the ones to bear the losses on rainy days, not taxpayers.”
Details show the alleged rainy-day fund is a pathetic €12.5bn of joint funds not available until 2020, even though 128 banks covered in the agreement have an aggregate balance sheet somewhere between €26 trillion and €27 trillion.
Also consider “stress tests”.
European Central Bank President, Mario Draghi Says ECB Won’t Hesitate to Fail Banks in Stress Tests.
For details, please consider ECB President Mario Draghi Announces New Stress Tests; Translating “Draghize”
Perhaps the possibility of genuine stress tests, however slight, has sent banks running for cover.
Another possibility is banks are so poorly capitalized that some will fail even with watered down stress tests.
This lead to the key question: If banks are issuing subordinated debt because they need to, why should anyone want it?
Mike “Mish” Shedlock